The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the only particle accelerator large enough and potent enough to produce the Higgs Boson, the as yet elusive undetected particle that theory claims provides everything including substance and also causes mass. This colossal device is sited throughout a 27 mile long tunnel under the boundary between France and Switzerland. The LHC is the climax of many years worth of study that had subsisted with smaller collider’s in the past.
The machine created a sensation around the world not just because of its record cost and scale but because of claims it might cause a black hole to form that would swallow the planet. These fears were somewhat dismissed however when in September 08 the accelerator was switched on for the first time. Unfortunately however, a badly soldiered joint amongst the magnets that make up its giant colliding ring failed and the big switch on was terminated. So, when will the Large Hadron Collider LHC be completed? Experts believe that it will not be until early 2010 when a further switch on will take place.
Particle accelerators are a very important tool available to the physicist and have many applications outside particle physics. Particle accelerators are, of course, crucial tools for a wide range of sciences, not only for particle physics, but also for many other sciences, from nuclear physics to the life sciences, industry and medicine. Their primary use are to smash particles against each other at very high speeds, revealing their more fundamental components and particle accelerators such as the LHC are allowing us to look more and more closely at what matter is made up of, how it’s held together, and what happened at the very beginning of our universe.
The Collider attempts to carry out nothing less than providing us with a view of what the universe was like about one-trillionth of a second following the Big Bang when the 4 integral forces in the universe electromagnetism, the tough and feeble nuclear forces, and gravitation initially separated. In reproducing the environment right after the big bang the Large Hadron Collider is anticipated to progress our comprehension of the universe.