Nazca Lines are drawings on the ground often referred to as ‘geoglyphs’ which are positioned in the Nazca Desert, a high waterless plateau that spreads across hundreds of miles amidst the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the pampa, a huge flat region of southern Peru. They were originally detected by chance during an airplane in flight in 1927. There are hundreds of distinctive figures, ranging in intricacy from modest lines to stylised lizards, giant spiders, fish, orcas, and the now infamous hummingbird and even llamas in the Nasca lines.
These important Nazca markings were formulated in the period of the Nazca Indians, who thrived in the region from 200 BC to about 600. The lines were made by removing the red-brown iron oxide covered stones which cover the terrain of the Nazca desert. When the gravel is taken away, the lines contrast severely with the light coloured earth underneath. The total expanse encompassing the lines is almost 190 square miles, with the greatest illustrations measuring 886 feet. The Nazca desert is one of the driest on the Planet with only a few millimetres of rainfall in a five year period and maintains a temperature close to 25°C (77°F) all year round, and the absence of any discernable wind has assisted in the preservation of the lines to the present day.
Since their discovery, the Nazca Lines have inspired sensational interpretations from ancient gods, an approach strip for returning aliens, and a heavenly calendar invented by the ancient Nazca culture. It is thought the formation of the lines ranges from somewhere between 200 BC and 600 AD.
Maria Reiche was a German mathematician and archaeologist who was well known for examining the Nazca Lines. She conceived the lines were an Astronomical Calendar revealing the bearing of the rising stars and planetary occurrences the likes of sun solstices. One hypothesis of the objective of the lines is that the Nazca people’s motives were religious, and that the pictures were made so that gods in the heavens could view them. Swiss writer Erich von Däniken stated in his publication ‘Chariots of the Gods’ the lines were constructed by ancient space travellers as a landing field. He recognises the pictures as “signals” and the longer lines as “landing strips.
The majority opinion of archeologists, and scientists, however, is the Nazca Lines were produced by the Nazca people themselves, lacking help from extraterrestrial visitors or aerial views and are conceived to be ritual pathways, designed to be walked upon and to lead processions to places where worships for more water would be most productive. It is practically certain that the Nazca Lines had a spiritual purpose, considering that other artefacts of the Nazca civilization indicate a preoccupation with death and additional major monuments of the ancient world are known to be ritual in nature and no credible realistic resolution has nevertheless yet been unearthed.
The most troubling of issues in relation to the lines is of course the location of the creations in relation to the individuals whom constructed them. Clearly, the creators would not have been in a position to view the huge drawings from the flat arid terrain and yet produced some stunning drawings accurately and without assistance from geometrical tools. One individual has contested that the Nascans managed to construct a make shift hot air balloon and using materials available at the time managed to build such an vehicle sufficient to carry himself high above the drawings. This demonstrated that perhaps these mystical drawings were indeed meant to viewed from above.
The final piece of the puzzle in terms of the potential UFO connection with the lines of Nazca are the presence of what appears to be a ‘spaceman’ etched into the surface of a nearby mountain. The figure does indeed appear to be wearing some form of space suit and helmet and if taken in combination with the enormous ‘landing strip’, a huge line which appears to have been cleared to allow an object from the air to land you would be forgiven for considering that these lines are in fact effectively ‘sign posts’ to the travellers from the skies….