If you wanted to know 10 facts about Jupiter then read on, our research has uncovered some amazing information around this fascinating planet.
Planet Jupiter is the second most significant body in our solar system. With enormous gravity, Planet Jupiter is probably the most captivating planet in our neighbourhood and is composed principally of hydrogen, a assumption exists that within the core of the planet the force is so great that metallic hydrogen is created from solid molecular hydrogen. This effectively means that humans could never live on Jupiter given the lack of a tangible surface, the immense winds and other human defying conditions.
How did Jupiter gets its name? The original name derives from the Greek word ‘Jove’ which is also the Greek name for ‘Zeus’, the mythical Greek god.
When did Galileo discover Jupiter? In 1610 Galileo published an explanation of his telescopic examinations of the moons of Jupiter giving rise to the date of 1609 which is around the time Galileo is thought to have first identified the planet.
Jupiter was explored in flybys in the 1970s by NASA’s Pioneer 10, 11 and Voyager 1 & 2, and is currently being studied by the Galileo spacecraft. This huge planet is comprised of 90% hydrogen and 10% helium and contains small amounts of methane, water and ammonia. It’s winds are the strongest at middle northern latitudes, reaching about 370 miles per hour. Jupiter has a small set of three rings that were created by the dust and rock remnants of its innermost moons and meteor collisions. The rings are made up of three ring patterns, the halo, which is the innermost ring, the main ring in the middle and finally the gossamer ring, which is the outermost one. Jupiter, in fact, is often cited as a micro Solar System, due to the many small objects it controls via its gravity.
It in addition has around 63 recognized satellites comprising the four Galilean moons Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto many of the additional satellites are not named, and it is likely that there are some still to even be detected. These satellites are collectively named the Galilean Moons following the man who detected them through the first astronomical scope over four hundred years ago.
The planet Jupiter measures in a 142,984 kilometres in diameter and is considered one of the great gas planets of our solar system.
The planet has long been familiar for the Great Red Spot, a complicated storm active in a counter-clockwise bearing, right across the planet. This monstrous storm is a huge oval shaped physical characteristic on Jupiters surface that measures around 12,000 by 25,000 kilometres, sizeable enough to house 2 to 3 Earth sized planets. Individuals on Earth have studied the colourful and famous Great Red Spot on the surface of Jupiter for over 400 years and it has recently been revealed that Jupiter is now growing a new red spot.
This recent storm is about half the dimension of the present Great Red Spot and virtually the same colour. The official title of this storm is ‘Oval BA’, additionally referred to as ‘Red Jr’ for obvious reasons. Oval BA first presented itself in 2000 when three smaller spots clashed and merged, and it is thought that similar merger centuries ago may have produced the first Great Red Spot, some 300 years ago.
The structure of Jupiter’s surfaces is comparable to stars, made virtually of liquid and gas. Astrologers deduce that when a planet causes a significant quantity of heat internally, such as is the case for Jupiter, convection in the atmosphere can convey thermal energy from the higher temperature interior to the surface. Since Jupiter is a gas planet lacking a solid surface, what we view when we study the surface of Jupiter is the atmosphere that continues deep into the planet.